The challenge in the first image was ruled to be a foul outside the box.
Seems like it's not only Scottish referees that choose to ignore the white lines when it comes to penalty claims.
Just watched this, and the referee doesn't give a foul for the challenge. He's giving a foul for the goalkeeper handling the ball outside of the penalty area. Doesn't lessen the fact that it's an awful call, but the handling in the area I don't get why he waves that away. The player motions towards the ball with his arms, which can't be defended.